Difference between revisions of "Geigercounter"

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(Alweer een geslaagd project!)
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Measurements are published to topic 'revspace/sensors/geiger' on mosquitto.space.revspace.nl (also available on revspace.nl)
 
Measurements are published to topic 'revspace/sensors/geiger' on mosquitto.space.revspace.nl (also available on revspace.nl)
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== Radon ==
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In order to try and get our space geiger to display something more interesting than just random variations on natural background, it was put to use measuring the natural decay of radon progeny floating around in the basement of our SectorV location. A piece of filter paper was draped over the opening of our shopvac, and left to suck up particulates floating around in our server room, which of course happens to be the room with the least amount of ventilation (that I had access to). I let it do its thing for about five minutes or so.
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Radon daughters are mostly alpha emitters, so the space geiger was retrofitted with a different tube to be able to detect them. The stock tube (a chinese M4011) does not sport a mica window, but I have a mullard zp1430 that does. After turning off the vacuum cleaner, I promptly walked the filter back to the hackerspace and plonked the tube on top of it, with the mica window pointed down against the paper surface.
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See the graph below for a nice exponential curve of the resultant decay of filtered radon progeny. It surprised me how little time it took to collect enough radioactive particles for a decent curve. To give you an idea, the peak reading represents a particle count that is roughly 25 times above the normal background rate.
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[[File:Radondecay.png|300px]]
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==Pitch in for a geiger counter:==
 
==Pitch in for a geiger counter:==
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{| class="wikitable"
 
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Revision as of 22:57, 1 December 2017

Project Geiger counter
GeigerCounter.jpg
A geiger counter for the space
Status Completed
Contact gori, thomas
Last Update 2017-12-01

Software

See the geiger_esp sub-directory in this github repo

The way the ESP8266 version of the software works, is by means of a single pulse counter. This counter is incremented for every tick coming from the Geiger tube.

Every second we keep track how much the counter has incremented compared to the previous second. This value is stored in a circular buffer of 60 entries, one for each second inside of a minute.

The 'cpm' value (counts per minute) is then simply the sum of all entries in the circular buffer! So we can calculate the cpm at any time, without rounding error, it's always the number of measured ticks in the previous 60 seconds.

The software uses the following libraries:

  • WiFiClient for general WiFi
  • WifiManager to make it easy to setup the WiFi (presents a captive portal to select a network and enter the passphrase)
  • PubSubClient to publish measurements to MQTT

Measurements are published to topic 'revspace/sensors/geiger' on mosquitto.space.revspace.nl (also available on revspace.nl)

Radon

In order to try and get our space geiger to display something more interesting than just random variations on natural background, it was put to use measuring the natural decay of radon progeny floating around in the basement of our SectorV location. A piece of filter paper was draped over the opening of our shopvac, and left to suck up particulates floating around in our server room, which of course happens to be the room with the least amount of ventilation (that I had access to). I let it do its thing for about five minutes or so.

Radon daughters are mostly alpha emitters, so the space geiger was retrofitted with a different tube to be able to detect them. The stock tube (a chinese M4011) does not sport a mica window, but I have a mullard zp1430 that does. After turning off the vacuum cleaner, I promptly walked the filter back to the hackerspace and plonked the tube on top of it, with the mica window pointed down against the paper surface.

See the graph below for a nice exponential curve of the resultant decay of filtered radon progeny. It surprised me how little time it took to collect enough radioactive particles for a decent curve. To give you an idea, the peak reading represents a particle count that is roughly 25 times above the normal background rate.


Radondecay.png


Pitch in for a geiger counter:

Naam/Nick Aantal euro's Betalingsmethode
gori 5
Walter 5 revbank (Betaald)
Jos 5 revbank (Betaald)
thomas 5 revbank (Betaald)
Peetz0r 5 revbank (Betaald)
merethan 5 revbank (Betaald)
pepman 5 revbank (Betaald)
bertrik Wemos D1 mini natura

DONE! thank you all.